The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) results show that Australian students’ performance in mathematical literacy declined between 2003 and 2012.

Participation rates in year 12 science and maths subjects show that in the past 20 years participation in science subjects and advanced or intermediate-level mathematics has declined, while participation in entry-level mathematics has increased.

Information from the Queensland Studies Authority shows that between 2002 and 2013 enrolments by year 12 students in information processing and technology declined by more than half.

According to the National Centre for Vocational Education Research, university and vocational enrolments in information technology have decreased by at least 50 per cent over the last 11 years.

According to Engineers Australia, Australia does not produce sufficient engineers to meet its requirements.

Research by PricewaterhouseCoopers revealed about 44 per cent (or 5.1 million jobs) are at high risk of being affected by computerisation over the next 20 years.

According to PricewaterhouseCoopers, 75 per cent of the fastest growing occupations now require STEM skills.

Economic modelling by PricewaterhouseCoopers shows that shifting just one per cent of the workforce into STEM roles would add $57.4 billion to Australia’s Gross Domestic Product over 20 years.

The Australian Bureau of Statistics reported that STEM skills jobs grew at about 1.5 times the rate of other jobs in recent years.

According to the ABS, about 18 per cent of the Australian workforce has STEM qualifications with design, engineering, science, transport and ICT professionals the fastest growing occupations.

74 per cent of Australian CEOs say availability of key skills of employees, including technology, is a top threat to growth.